Work Measurement: Definition, Objectives and Techniques

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Meaning and Definition of Work Measurement 2. Objectives of Work Measurement 3. Uses 4. Techniques. 

Meaning and Definition of Work Measurement:

The role of measuring the amount of time required to perform a work unit is to decide. Work assessment is very important to promote an organization's efficiency. Management enables comparison and initial staffing of alternate methods. Job estimation provides a framework for good planning.

It is also called' time research' as it involves time estimation. For the right pricing, exact time analysis is very critical. A time analysis is conducted to find the correct production time for a product. Estimating correct labor costs is very critical for giving competitive quotations. It is a foundation for the management of wages and wages, and the development of incentives.

"The application of techniques designed to determine the time for a skilled worker to carry out a specific job at a given performance level" was specified by the British Standard Institution. This time is referred to as normal or time allowed. Time study could also be defined as an "art to observe and record the time necessary to complete every detailed element of an industrial operation."

Objectives of Work Measurement:

1. In order to compare performance times with other methods.
2. In order to prepare a practical work plan.
3. A realistic and fair incentive scheme can be achieved.
4. To analyze the work activities to reduce or eliminate unnecessary workers.
5. To minimize the effort of man.
6. To help organize the job by contrasting the actual time with the target time daily.

Uses of Work Measurement:

1. In planing and drawing up timetables, wok measurement is used.

2. For the determination of standard costs, wok measurement shall be used.
3. As help in budget planning, wok calculation is used.
4. It is used for the management of new product production lines.
5. Wok measurement is used in determining machine effectiveness.
6. Identification of time standards as the basis for control of labor costs.
7. Set monitoring aims and provide the basis for monitoring effectiveness measurement.
8. To create time requirements to serve as the basis for wage incentive plans.

Techniques of Work Measurement:

Job assessment evaluates and reduces wasted time. The presence of wasted time is not only known. Nevertheless, it can be used to set standard working hours so that time is not wasted later. The increased standard time will be immediately discovered. Job can be called repetitive job and non-repetitive work for the purposes of work calculation.

The principal techniques of work measurement are classified under the following heads:

1. Time Study
2. Work Sampling
3. Pre-determined Motion Time System
4. Analytical Estimating

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