Organizing Function of Management

Organizing is the leadership feature that follows the scheduling process. It is a function in which human, physical and financial resources are synchronized and combined. To achieve outcomes, all three funds are essential. Organizational feature therefore helps to achieve outcomes that are, in reality, essential to a concern's workings. According to Chester Barnard, "Organizing is a feature that enables the employee to identify role roles, job associated roles, and balancing of power and accountability. A manager must therefore always arrange to get outcomes.

With the assistance of the following measures, a manager conducts organizational function:-

  1. Departmentally organizing the activities - In this step, the manager tries to combine and group similar and related activities into units or departments. This organization of dividing the whole concern into independent units and departments is called departmentation.
  2. Classifying the authority - Once the departments are made, the manager likes to classify the powers and its extent to the managers. This activity of giving a rank in order to the managerial positions is called hierarchy. The top management is into formulation of policies, the middle level management into departmental supervision and lower level management into supervision of foremen. The clarification of authority help in bringing efficiency in the running of a concern. This helps in achieving efficiency in the running of a concern. This helps in avoiding wastage of time, money, effort, in avoidance of duplication or overlapping of efforts and this helps in bringing smoothness in a concern’s working.
  3. Co-ordination between authority and responsibility - Relationships are established among various groups to enable smooth interaction toward the achievment of the organizational goal. Each individual is made aware of his authority and he/she knows whom they have to take orders from and to whom they are accountable and to whom they have to report. A clear organizational structure is drawn and all the employees are made aware of it.
  4. Identification of operations — It is necessary to identify first all the operations to be carried out in a problem. For instance, account preparing, sales making, record maintaining, quality control, inventory control, etc. It is necessary to group and classify all these operations into units.

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